[Turing's Cathedral The Origins of the Digital Universe read] Ebook By George Dyson



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  1. says: [Turing's Cathedral The Origins of the Digital Universe read] Ebook By George Dyson George Dyson è 5 characters Free download × PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free è George Dyson

    [Turing's Cathedral The Origins of the Digital Universe read] Ebook By George Dyson Free download × PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free è George Dyson review Turing's Cathedral The Origins of the Digital Universe I loved the history Dyson’s enthusiasm and love for the subject and scientists comes through loud and clear It’s rich in detail on researchers with emphasis on John von NeumannAs for speculation on the future of a living machine I think

  2. says: [Turing's Cathedral The Origins of the Digital Universe read] Ebook By George Dyson George Dyson è 5 characters Free download × PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free è George Dyson

    [Turing's Cathedral The Origins of the Digital Universe read] Ebook By George Dyson This book is fatally marred by Dyson's failure to understand computer architecture I note many reviewers assuming that they are confused because

  3. says: [Turing's Cathedral The Origins of the Digital Universe read] Ebook By George Dyson

    George Dyson è 5 characters Free download × PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free è George Dyson [Turing's Cathedral The Origins of the Digital Universe read] Ebook By George Dyson Knowledge To Kill ForThis is not your average paean to the pioneers of the high tech industry Who knew for example that Turing’s insight had to overcome two centuries of mathematical obsession with Newton’s but not Leibniz's infi

  4. says: [Turing's Cathedral The Origins of the Digital Universe read] Ebook By George Dyson

    [Turing's Cathedral The Origins of the Digital Universe read] Ebook By George Dyson I had an issue with this non fiction but also a whole lot of love So this is about the mathematicians who heralded the whole computer movement You know the OTHER disreputable and crazy smart people like Von Neumann Gödel and all the other nutters like Turing who ushered in the computer age from just a thought experiment into a hand made lab and later into the co authors of the nuclear ageYeah THOSE crazy nutters The ones that ran enough ph

  5. says: [Turing's Cathedral The Origins of the Digital Universe read] Ebook By George Dyson

    [Turing's Cathedral The Origins of the Digital Universe read] Ebook By George Dyson Free download × PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free è George Dyson review Turing's Cathedral The Origins of the Digital Universe I might have easily given this book four stars if Dyson could have stuck to history instead of indulging himself in inane speculations and commentaries that are sadly meant to sound profound The connections he draws between completely unrelated aspects of technology and biology are so strained that whenever I read a particularly grievous one I'm forced to put the book down and walk around the room until the waves of stupidity subside a bit

  6. says: [Turing's Cathedral The Origins of the Digital Universe read] Ebook By George Dyson Free download × PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free è George Dyson George Dyson è 5 characters

    [Turing's Cathedral The Origins of the Digital Universe read] Ebook By George Dyson review Turing's Cathedral The Origins of the Digital Universe A fascinating and illuminating book but also a frustrating one because it should have been a lot better than it isThe heart of the story is or less on target – a collection of very interesting anecdotes and narratives about the personalities involved in building America's first computer at Princeton's Institute for Advan

  7. says: review Turing's Cathedral The Origins of the Digital Universe [Turing's Cathedral The Origins of the Digital Universe read] Ebook By George Dyson George Dyson è 5 characters

    [Turing's Cathedral The Origins of the Digital Universe read] Ebook By George Dyson Despite the title this book is not primarily about Alan Turing It is really about the group of people at the Institute of Advanced Studies at Princeton Much of the book focuses on John von Neumann who spearheaded the effort to build some of the earliest electronic computers These first computers were very unreliable incorrect resul

  8. says: Free download × PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free è George Dyson [Turing's Cathedral The Origins of the Digital Universe read] Ebook By George Dyson George Dyson è 5 characters

    review Turing's Cathedral The Origins of the Digital Universe [Turing's Cathedral The Origins of the Digital Universe read] Ebook By George Dyson Free download × PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free è George Dyson If you are looking for information about Alan Turing look elsewhere The title is a metaphorThe Nazis did the US a huge favor with their boorish and stupid racial policies Many prominent Jews were brilliant mathematicians and physicists and when the “cleansing” of universities began by the Nazis people like Van Neumann Einstein and many others fled to the United States where they were of immense assistance

  9. says: [Turing's Cathedral The Origins of the Digital Universe read] Ebook By George Dyson

    review Turing's Cathedral The Origins of the Digital Universe George Dyson è 5 characters [Turing's Cathedral The Origins of the Digital Universe read] Ebook By George Dyson This book covers essentially the same material as William Aspray's 1990 John von Neumann and the Origin of Modern Computing the life and times of John von Neumann and the IAS computer Aspray's book is much to the point though while Dyson's takes large detours into the history of the atomic and hydrogen bomb World War II cryptography and the like all these topics have better books dedicated to them George Dyson has a personal connection to

  10. says: [Turing's Cathedral The Origins of the Digital Universe read] Ebook By George Dyson

    [Turing's Cathedral The Origins of the Digital Universe read] Ebook By George Dyson An interesting and discursive early history of the electronic digital computer around and after WW2 with a histor

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Turing's Cathedral The Origins of the Digital UniverseVolved remains extremely opaue One of the most crucial A Son Of The Gods A Horseman In The Sky The Damned Thing parts of this story should be following the developments of cathode ray storage early transistors the first moves from machine language to codes andrograms But the explanations in here are Inside Elvis poor or non existant Terms like shift register storedrogram computer ulse freuency coded are thrown around as though we should all be familiar with themMy favourite story to do with the invention of the digital world involves Claude Shannon and his remarkable realisation one of the most civilisation altering ideas of our species that electronic transistors could work as logic gates It s not even mentioned in this book And so the crucial early building blocks of what a computer actually is how on a fundamental level it really does what it does that is all missing And it s a retty serious omission for someone that finds it necessary to go back to the Civil War every couple of chaptersA lot of reviews here especially from technical experts really hate this book but on balance I d still recommend it It s a very important story about a very important Hush Hush Detective Harriet Blue 4 period and the later chapters especially have a lot of great material But reading around the text willrobably be necessary and this book should have offered a complete Rodzinny Park Atrakcji package I had an issue with this non fiction but also a whole lot of love So this is about the mathematicians who heralded the whole computer movement You know the OTHER disreputable and crazy smarteople like Von Neumann G del and all the other nutters like Turing who ushered in the computer age from just a thought experiment into a hand made lab and later into the co authors of the nuclear ageYeah THOSE crazy nutters The ones that ran enough Town Of Belmont New Hampshire physicsrograms on their automatic machines to model nuclear explosions and bring about the bomb Computers and not the If God Loves Me Why This poor women and a few men who gotaid to crunch math by hand for years are the real reason we have the nuclear age And also why we have genetic sciencesPretty obvious I know but still these guys are some unsung heroes Just General Theory Of The Light Of Science programmers Sheesh WhateverThe book is full of love I love theeople And then there was This book is fatally marred by Dyson s failure to understand computer architecture I note many reviewers assuming that they are confused because they are math Accidental Bride And Groom Ranchers Bend Bride And Groom 1 phobic But I was arogrammer in the late 1970s and 1980s I wrote in Assembly language and have read machine language in hex when debugging so when I read Dyson s long Superduif passages of gibberishurporting to describe what is going on in a computer I knew they were just lain gibberish The stories about the eople involved in the Earthworks project were very interesting as was the description of the environment the IAS and itsolitics but Dyson s failure to explain the most important technical concepts to the reader or to understand them himself limit the books usefulness These concepts are not all that complex They were explained to a class of recent high school graduates in Tennessee back when I took my first computer class in 1979 and we all wrote a simplified machine language Happily Forever After program for our final exam So there isn t any reason that the intelligenteople this book was designed for couldn t have had the architecture of a Van Neumann machine explained in depth in a way that would have made sense to them I found this book saddening because it made me really want to understand the technology whose description it butchers I d really love to know about how the engineers built these early computers and how they differ from the ones in use today I gleaned many facts from the mishmash Why The Earth Quakes presented here for example that CRTs were used inlace of what was later called core memory in slightly later computers But Dyson clearly doesn t understand what a register is nor does he understand why shifting bits would do arithmetic and reading the same bits in a CPU Crandalls Castle provides the machine with itsrogram For that matter he doesn t seem to Understand What A Program Is what a Inspecting A House program is simple explanation of what a computer algorithm is and why 17 instructions can lead to thousands of operations beingerformed would make long tracts of this book make sense which they currently don t But statements like one claiming that the CRT screen on a PC represented a CPU buffer were sheer imbecility The CPU on that computer functions as an output device similar to the tape or unched aper on the early computers And there were dozens of these uninformed statementsBottom line If you read this Book And Are Confused and are confused are getting the authors message since he too was terminally confused by the technology he was attempting to describ. Istoric developments the decoding of self replicating seuences in biology and the invention of the hydrogen bomb It’s no coincidence that the most destructive and the most constructive of human inventions appeared at exactly the same time  How did code take over the world In retracing how Alan Turing’s one dimensional model became John von Neumann’s two dimensional implementation Turing’s Cathedral offers a series of rovocative suggestions as to where the digital universe now fully three dimensional may be heading nex.

review Turing's Cathedral The Origins of the Digital Universe

An interesting and discursive early history of the electronic digital computer around and after WW2 with a history of the Princeton NJ area back to colonial days and the history of the founding of the Institute for Advanced Study there The local history stuff you can safely skim or skip the IAS stuff is also eripheral but interesting But when Dyson gets to John von Neumann s biography chapter 4 the Out Of Darkness Volume 1 paceicks up and icks up even when he gets to the computer history Von Neumann was a genius and things move uickly in wartime I love reading about bright engineers at work Many "Of The Parts For The " the arts for the IAS computer were war surplus andor B R Ambedkar The Quest For Social Justice picked for easy troubleshooting The academic mathematicians hated the engineers and succeeded in getting the IASrogram shut down in the 1950s Too badThere are detours to come but Dyson is a fine historian and did his homework At his best this is 5 star writing from hydrogen bombs to stellar evolution but the odd structure and detours were distracting 35 stars rounded down for that For real reviews I recommend Alan Scott s and John Gribbin s I expected to like this one than I did for the reasons Alan and others spell out If you are looking for information about Alan Turing look elsewhere The title is a metaphorThe Nazis did the US a huge favor with their boorish and stupid racial Not Until You policies Manyrominent Jews were brilliant mathematicians and The Realm Of Albion physicists and when the cleansing of universities began by the Naziseople like Van Neumann Einstein and many others fled to the United States where they were of immense assistance in the development of the atomic bombThis book is about the origins and development of the digital age and Dyson spends considerable space on the The Waking Land The Waking Land 1 people and institutions key to that development The Princeton Institute for Advanced Research for example under Abraham Flexner and Oswald Veblen recruited many of these refugees who helped build the Institute into one of theremier research institutions I suppose it all has special interest for me as my life span The Vast Memory Of Love parallels the development of the computer I was born in 1947 In the 7th grade I became fascinated by ham radio and electrons and studied the intricate workings of the vacuum tube a device for which I still have some reverence I m still dismantling and messing with the insides of computersIronically given the book s title John Van Neumann takes center stage with Turinglaying only a Julia Defiant Witchs Child 2 peripheral role Van Neumann s interest in digital computation was apparently sparked by reading Turing s seminal article On Computational Numbers that led him to the realization of the importance of storedrogram Palestine Comes First processingWhat Turing did that was so crucial was to take G del sroof of the incompleteness theorem that Silence The Court Is In Session permitted numbers to carry two meanings Turing took that and thought up theaper tape computer that The Sky Is Falling produced both data and code simultaneously That realization alone was fundamental inroviding the basic building block for the computerThe builders had conflicting views of the incredible computational Seraphic Feather 10 power they had unleashed that was to be used for both ill and good Van Neumann recognized this A tidal wave of computationalower was about to break and inundate everything in science and much elsewhere inundate everything in science and much elsewhere things would never be the same It would have been impossible to develop the atomic bomb without the computational abilities of the new computers So naturally the Manhattan Project is covered along with the influence of the evil Dr Teller I must remember to get his biography who was the character Dr Strangelove brilliantly Honey Bunch played by Peter Sellers After the war Tellerushed very hard for the development of the super bomb even though he knew or must have known that his initial calculations were flawed because he didn t have the computational ower to do them completely One number that I uestioned was the Dyson s reporting that when the Russians exploded a three stage hydrogen bomb in 1961 the force released was euivalent to 1% of the sun s ower That sounds wildly improbable Anyone able to contradict numberSome interesting little tidbits One computational scientist refused to use the new VDTs Renaissance Armies 1480 1650 preferring to stick withunched cards he obviously never dropped a box of them which seemed far tangible to him than dots on a screen I guess fear of new technology is not reserved for non scientists One of the major and very interesting uestions addressed by Turing and reported on in the book is what we now call artificial intelligence When we use a search engine are on in the book is what we now call artificial intelligence When we use a search engine are learning from the search engine or is the search engine learning from us It would appea. “It is ossible to invent a single machine which can be used to compute any computable seuence” twenty four year old Alan Turing announced in 1936 In Turing’s Cathedral George Dyson focuses on a small group of men and women led by John von Neumann at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton New Jersey who built one of the first computers to realize Alan Turing’s vision of a Universal Machine Their work would break the distinction between numbers that mean things and numbers that do things and our universe would nev. R currently the latter may be true Clearly the search engines have been designed to store information and use that information to learn things about us both as a group and individually I suspect that rograms now make decisions based on that accumulation of knowledge Is that not one definition of intelligence I will again highly recommend a book written and read uite a while ago that foresaw many of these issues The Adolescence of P 1 by Thomas Ryan 1977 Note that Turing talked about the adolescence of computers and likening them to childrenSome reviewers have taken Dyson to task for emphasizing abstract reasoning that went into the development of the computer while downplaying the role of electrical engineers Eckert and Mauchly in actually building the things I ll leave that argument to others not caring a the things I ll leave that argument to others not caring a for who should get the credit and being in awe of both arties On the other hand the book does dwell on the ersonalities than the intricacies of computing There are some fascinating digressions however such as the examination of digital vs analog and how the future of computing might have been altered had Vann Neumann not tragically died so young as he had a great interest in biological computing and the relationship of the brain to the computerFor a lot summary of The Adolescence of P 1 see A fascinating and illuminating book but also a frustrating one because it should have been a lot better than it isThe heart of the story is or less on target a collection of very interesting anecdotes and narratives about the Why We Fail personalities involved in building America s first computer at Princeton s Institute for Advanced Study after the Second World War Leading the team was the uite extraordinary figure of John von Neumann about whom I knew rather little before reading this He comes across as by far the most brilliant mind in theseages not excluding the The Drifter presence of one A Einstein with a near eidetic memory an ability to understand new concepts instantly and make staggering leaps of reasoning to advance them further Not a very endearing character though a refugee from 1930s Europe heushed the nuclear The Ebb Of The Pink Tide programme hard and argued to the end of his life that the best way to create worldeace was to launch a full My Dreams Out In The Street preventive hydrogen bomb strike against the USSR mass civilian deaths and allThe nuclearroject was central to the invention of the computer The first incarnation of the machine the ENIAC later nicknamed MANIAC was developed specifically to model fission reactions which involve some rather tricky maths But von Neumann and other thinkers realised early on that a machine capable of doing that would also be able to fulfil Neumann and other thinkers realised early on that a machine capable of doing that would also be able to fulfil Turing s description of a universal computer if it could do the arithmetic it turned out it could do ractically anything else too rovided there was a way of feeding it instructions It is an irony of fate observes Fran oise Ulam that much of the hi tech world we live in today the conuest of space the extraordinary advances in biology and medicine were spurred on by one man s monomania and the need to develop electronic computers to calculate whether an H bomb could be built or not What is articularly fascinating is how these studies gradually let to a blurring of the distinction between life and technology The development of computing coincided with the discovery of DNA which showed that life is essentially built from a digital code Nils Barricelli described strings of DNA as molecule shaped numbers and early rogrammers soon discovered that lines of code in replicating systems would display survival of the fittest type Eatons Descriptive Catalogue 1922 phenomena This is entering a new era with the advent of cloud sourcing and other systems by which computing is in effect becoming analog and statistics based again search engines are a fair exampleHow can this be intelligence since we are just throwing statisticalrobabilistic horsepower at the Aeolian Geomorphology problem and seeing what sticks without any underlying understanding There s no model And how does a brain do it With a model These are not models of intelligentrocesses They are intelligent rocessesAll of this is very bracing and very interesting Unfortunately the book is let down by a couple of major roblems The first is a compulsion to give what the author The Song Within My Heart presumably thinks is historical colour every two minutes so the IAS is introduced by way of an entire chapter tracing the history of local Algonuin tribes Dutch traders William Penn and the uakers the War of Independence all of which is at best totally irrelevant and at worst a fatal distractionThe second even serious failing is that the technology in. Er be the same Using five kilobytes of memory the amount allocated to displaying the cursor on a computer desktop of today they achieved unprecedented success in both weatherrediction and nuclear weapons design while tackling in their spare time roblems ranging from the evolution of viruses to the evolution of stars Dyson’s account both historic and rophetic sheds important new light on how the digital universe exploded in the aftermath of World War II The The Routledge Handbook Of Stylistics proliferation of both codes and machines wasaralleled by two