Tanzania is a sovereign state *in eastern Africa within the African Great Lakes region The United Nations estimated Tanzania's 2016 *eastern Africa within the African Great Lakes region The United Nations estimated Tanzania's 2016 at 5557 million The population is composed of several ethnic linguistic and religious groups Tanzania is a presidential constitutional republic and since 1996 its official capital city as been Dodoma where the president's office the National Assembly and some government ministries are located Dar es Salaam the former capital retains most government offices and is the country's largest city principal port and leading commercial centre European colonialism began in mainland Tanzania during the late 19th century when Germany formed German East Africa which gave way to British rule following World War I The mainland was governed as. ,
Tanganyika with the Zanzibar Archipelago remaining a separate colonial *jurisdiction Following their respective independence in 1961 and 1963 the two entities merged in April 1964 to form the *Following their respective independence in 1961 and 1963 the two entities merged in April 1964 to form the Republic of Tanzania Tanzania is mountainous and densely forested in the north east where Mount Kilimanjaro is located Three of Africa's Great Lakes are partly within Tanzania To the north and west lie Lake Victoria Africa's largest lake and Lake Tanganyika the continent's deepest lake known To the north and west lie Lake Victoria Africa's largest lake and Lake Tanganyika the continent's deepest lake known its uniue species of fish The eastern shore is ot and umid with the Zanzibar Archipelago just offshore The Kalambo water falls in the southwestern region of Rukwa are the second ighest uninterrupted
"fall in africa "in Africa are located near the south eastern shore of Lake Tanganyika on. ,
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The border with Zambia The Menai Bay Conservation Area *IS ZANZIBAR'S LARGEST MARINE PROTECTED AREA OVER 100 DIFFERENT *Zanzibar's largest marine protected area Over 100 different are spoken in Tanzania making it the most linguistically diverse country in East Africa The country does not ave a de jure official language although the national language is Swahili Swahili is used in parliamentary debate in the lower courts and as a medium of instruction in primary school English is used in foreign trade in diplomacy in igher courts and as a medium of instruction in secondary and igher education although the Tanzanian government is planning to discontinue English as a language of instruction altogether Approximately 10 percent of Tanzanians speak Swahili as a first language and up to 90 percent speak it as a second langua.